9 Important Steps to Secure Your Website from Hackers
Owning a website, blog or forum means securing your website against hackers. Before, it took a high Tech Geek to hack into a website. Nowadays, all it takes is a simple search through Google to find the tools required to plan and execute a Hack-Attack on any website. A hacker first identifies and targets the website they want to attack. The hacker qualifies the website by the vulnerability levels in your software. After identifying the website vulnerabilities the hacker prepares tools and different techniques to bring down the website.
Why Do Hackers Hack Into Your Website?
Many hackers breach your website security not to shut down your website, but to use your server. The hacker uses your server as a relay to email spam messages from. Also, the hacker setups a temporary web server and uploads illegal files to that server. Hackers create automated scripts designed to exploit website security issues in your software.
Keep your website safe online by following these 9 tips
- Always keep your software updated. Keep your server operating system and website software updated. Once a website security hole identified in your software a hacker abuses this hole to attack your server. If you host your website through a managed hosting company the company applies the security updates to their systems.
- Protect yourself against SQL Injections. When using a web form on your website, use parameterized queries to prevent rogue code from being inserted into your code.
- Limit the information provided in your error messages. Use generic messages when notifying the person he was unable to login to your site. Never identify which field in your form is incorrect. Always use generic error message when your customer has entered the wrong username or password. By identifying the incorrect field a hacker easily gains access to your website.
- Use server-side and form validation checks in your web forms. After a person has filled in your form check the form validation on both the server and the browser side. Your form browser catches simple failures in your form but can’t catch empty fields or text in a numbers only field. Use deeper validation checks on your form from the service side to prevent malicious code and scripting entered into your form.
- Secure your server, website admin area, and user accounts with complex passwords. Always create strong passwords on your website. Use 8 to 10 characters mixed with upper/lower case letter, numbers, and special characters. Never spell out words, names, or places when creating your passwords. Use random letter and numbers that mean nothing to you and would be hard to hack. Insist on your customers using a mix in their passwords of upper/lower case letter, numbers, and special characters. Store all your passwords on your server using hashed password protection.
- Use caution when allowing your users to upload files to your web server. All files uploaded to your web server treat with suspicion. Hackers embed code into the image format comment section that could contain PHP code your server executes. By changing the file extension and file permission on uploaded files prevents the double extension files attack on your server.
- Use SSL protocol to provide security certificates over the Internet. Always use security certificates when passing personal information from your website to your web server. Hackers sniff for unsecure communication and capture the information to gain access to your user accounts.
- Use website security tools to test your website security. Use website security tools to test for vulnerabilities in your website. The tools use the same scripts a hacker would use to exploit and compromise your website. Prevent potential threats to your website and identify all potential vulnerabilities to your site.