6 Computer Security Secrets That Experts Wish You Knew
You may frequently hear about security defects, viruses and malicious gangs of hackers who could leave you indigent and bring your company to its knees. But what are the underlying facts about these digital dangers? Few computer security specialists have tried to differentiate between myths and facts.
Myths And Facts
1. A strong password prevents us from various dangerous attacks
Alex Stamos has researched for his entire career to figure out how hackers attack and take advantage of software flaws. He has examined everything from the trickiest hacks to the meekest social engineering scams. This helped him to come up with two simple solutions, which can prove useful for a large number of users. They are as follows:
- Downloading a password manager through which you can create distinct passwords for every service you use.
- Use two-factor authentication options for your email and social networking accounts.
So, users can take these simple steps and protect themselves against the most common and malicious threats.
2. Just because a device is new does not mean it’s safe
When you buy a new phone, tablet or laptop, you may feel it is safe and secure. But this does not mean that it cannot get infected with malware and damaged with security susceptibilities. According to Eleanor Saitta, one of the most pestilent myths about security is that a device becomes less secure as the years pass. But the fact is that most of the devices are already pre-installed with backdoors. For instance, Superfish was already pre-installed on many Lenovo computers. The government has ordered to install them into devices so that it becomes easier for law enforcement and intelligence agencies to trace the attackers. However, this will expose our devices to security vulnerabilities, which can be extremely detrimental.
3. Every website and app should use HTTPS
You may have heard about this rumour that websites and applications do not need HTTPS. Peter Eckersley, a technologist, disagrees with this rumour. Instead, he believes that every website requires HTTPS because it protects you from hackers, eavesdroppers and government surveillance programs. They can freely access your reading material that is present on your site. They can also access the data that your app is processing and can easily modify your data in malevolent ways.
4. Software updates are crucial for your protection
A pop-up frequently appears which keeps reminding you that you need to update your software. This requires you to plug in your device and wait for a long time until the software gets updated. But remember that these software want to keep you safe rather than harm you. These frequent software updates are not there to bother you but fix certain software flaws that an attacker can use it to operate your system. So, keep updating software to keep your system safe and secure.
5. Hackers are not criminals
Most people believe that hackers are evil people who simply want to harm their systems. But there are two types of hackers: white hat hackers and black hat hackers. The white hat hacker’s intent is to get inside your system before the bad guys. Their only aim is to protect you, which cannot be done alone by a software. Antivirus programs are a good start, but you still need security experts like hackers, which protect you against all the enemies. Security not only involves building walls, but also enabling security guards. Defensive tools are useful, but good hackers are also necessary because they are aware of the usage of these tools.
6. Cyberattacks and cyber-terrorism are exceedingly rare
Many experts fear that someone can break into their account because of a simple password. But Ablon believes that these kinds of attacks are very rare. However, he agrees that there are ways through which anyone can hack a vehicle or any life-critical medical devices that have an IP address or can be activated by Bluetooth. However, these kinds of attacks involve a very close access, and sophisticated tricks that demand a lot of time to develop and execute. So, they are least expected.
So, create a strong password, use two-factor authentication, visit websites that use HTTPS and stop worrying about cyber attacks as it is very rare. Remember, hackers are not always bad people and most of them want to protect your system from bad guys.